In today’s architectural practice in China, tradition and modernity are interwoven and coexist together, just like this Tongling Recluse. It is located in a remote village in the north of Anhui Province originally a normal folk house in the style of Huizhou and Yanjiang. Nested on the top of the mountain, this small house had been uninhabited for the last 10 years and the decay had already begun when we started the project. But we couldn’t simply build it up, since the space program required more floor area than originally available. In a first step, we therefore extrude the traditional building with saddle roof on both face sides. This already extended volume is now blended with a new volume of the same cross-section. The façade jumps back in parts; the roof becomes a canopy and sun protection. Finally, a glazed joint across the building allows for an important view of the village. Even though the design process is based on a contemporary approach, the building is rather traditional in a number of ways, for example details take up traditional techniques and local materials were chosen.
Residential blocks with private coutyards are grouped around a cental, open space. We keep this significant part of the competition area as a landscape park for the district. As a place for an integrative encounter, the park promotes the identification and cohesion of the mixed neighborhood. “Living at the park” becomes the characteristic quality and address for the the new city district.
Competition, 2. Rank – Landeswettbewerb NRW
Ministerium für Bauen, Wohnen, Stadtentwicklung und Verkehr des Landes Nordrhein-Westfalen (MBWSV)
The “4 Seasons Gardens” in Ulaanbaatar offer apartments and townhouses with exclusive features. Designed in a traditional English style, the urban layout of the residence follows typical European models with a centrally located palace and U-shaped wings on both sides leaving the middle part of the site open as a landscape park. The project also offers a wide choice of restaurants, cafes, shops, grocery stores and community facilities for both the residents of the community and the surrounding neighborhood. The residence will set an example not only in terms of the connection of living and relaxing, but also regarding energy-efficient design and saving of primary energy. The objective is the implementation of a residential project with a high climatic comfort, high ecological standards and low carbon emissions. The residence “4 Seasons Gardens” will serve as a role model in the urban development of Ulaanbaatar.
MJT LLC, Ulanbaataar
Contrary to current practice in China, which is to create density with high-rise buildings, our concept is based on a building typology derived from the traditional Chinese courtyard house. All types of houses have their own private garden or roof terrace. There are 2-storey houses with a courtyard, 3-storey row houses, condominiums and villas. Harmony is achieved across the housing development by using brick facades and by an open architectural design; within this overarching unity, the individuality of the various quarters are underlined by different tones of plaster. The centre consists of two to three storied houses. Four to five storied houses will be constructed on the outskirts, which will also include a children day care center and a sports and recreational club. The average number of floors constructed in the first phase is 0.8. The size varies from 85m² for apartments to 350m² for the villas.
The second phase of the Society Hill Projects continues the concept of the previous phase. The urban planning concept and the existing typologies were re-designed and supplemented with new typologies. Five story apartment buildings towards the south relate to the urban scale of the first construction phase on the opposite side of the road, while in the north 10 to 12 story apartment buildings form the northern edge towards the city centre’s green space . A new building typology of semi-detached townhouses supplements the existing inner cluster of structures. Brick and stucco remain the characteristic building materials while brighter colours of the buildings along the northern edge emphasize their particular importance in the urban plan. The average density of 1.0 is about 0.2 higher than in the first phase.
Our residential buildings along the boulevard buildings form the southern border of the newly built Hongshan District in Wuhan. The building structure opens at the very prominent location to build a public plaza reached by stair landscape. The solitaire high-rise building marks the end. Clubs, Restaurants, conference rooms and entertainment facilities are situated at the east end of the boulevard building. The ground and first floor are reserved for high-quality business, office and special functions. The living rooms of the flats are oriented to the boulevard. Prefixed coloured balconies and shear-walls give privacy and structure the facade.
The Marina Cove Gardens are situated next to the Chin-Ci-Hu Lake in Suzhou. The architectural design is inspired by the european modern classic design. Simple shapes and reduced material choice – quite unusual for construction in China – determine the character the 20 single-family homes and 8 apartments, built in highest standard. They are grouped into 3 – to 4-storey buildins along the artificial grachten and ponds, all providing an excellent view of the Chin-Chi Hu lake.
The Central Asian Trading Zone is situated on the shore of the Bahe River. The central community area on top of the cliff is overlooking the public leisure and sports park, including the training facilities of the local soccer team. The community park surrounds this core area that includes cultural, commercial and leisure facilities as well as office spaces. Meadows, groves, a network of creeks that collects the storm water, pavilions and tea-houses invite you to relax. A network of pedestrian paths connects the core area with 5 low-rise residential clusters and 2 schools embedded in the park as well as the surrounding 4 high-rise clusters. Even though urban structure of these high-rise clusters is the same, the architectural language of each cluster could create an individual character by different use of materials and façade layouts. A two-level base connects the towers of each cluster. This U-shaped layout forms a public plaza in each cluster that opens to the surrounding streets. Here you can find a shopping mall, a hospital, a hotel and a commercial village, adding to the individual character of each cluster. The “flower of Xi’an” is the image we intend to create, as respectful reference to the urban layout of the great city of Xi’an.
When the end terminus of the Middle East Railway was taken into service at the turn of the last century Harbin became one of the first international cities of China. Still many heritage buildings and monuments from that time line up along the Central Street (Zhongyang Dajie). We pick up elements of this historic part of Harbin like the individual buildings along the streets and the scale and proportions of the streets and public spaces. We developed the idea of the „Eighty Blocks“ with tree-lined streets, neighbourhood squares and protected community gardens. The existing street grid divides our site into independent quarters. They all surround the core area with office buildings and community buildings surrounding the new Harbin agricultural garden park. The quarters are a car free environment; each one has a continuous underground parking level with several entrances. Once inside, the neighbourhood blocks create a network of tree-lined streets with front yards and neighbourhood squares containing playgrounds and meeting areas. The courtyards connect two rows of slab buildings and are closed on the eastern/western edge, forming a block.
We want to create a community, which is recongnized as a whole and which offers different places and neighbourhood unities with different characters at the same time. The differentiation is marked by different spatial situations, each of them with different functions and design. The whole concept is marked by the superposed urban form – strong framing (high buildings) and soft core (low buildings). We take the medieval European town as an image for this new residential area: surrounded by a wall with a vivid small-scale structure inside and open to the river (in our case: to QingLv Road with lake view). A specific element of the site is its terrace situation, because most of the site level is on a higher level than the surrounding streets. This situation is the main characteristic topographic element which we emphasize by pedestal building parts on the northern and southern secondary streets and by open terraces between the buildings facing QingLv Road.
WLA architects (Wolf Löbel)
Jindi Xi'an Branch
Pixian is situated on to the south/west of Chengdu. Our site, the “Deyuan New Town” is south of the old Pixian city and Qingshui River and east of the Foxconn factories. A mixed use district with a concert hall and a big public plaza is the new center of the Deyuan New Town. The culture axis connects the New Town to the Wangcong Cultural Park next to the old city centre of Pixian. The five surrounding residential districts each have their sub-center for all functions of everyday life. The main idea is to connect all these districts with a sustainable green, open space, public, pedestrian and cyclist and social network. We named it the `Leisure Network´. The public plaza, the landscape axis, sub center green corridors, the river front sides and bi-cycle ways defines the Leisure Network and they connect sports activities and recreational elements. The main public transport is organized on a ring boulevard connecting the district centers with all sub-centers and the entrances of the Foxcon site.